JavaScript Internationalization Libraries

Creating a browser-based web application requires a combination of HTML, CSS, JavaScript, and backend services. Creating an internationalized application requires additional techniques and libraries to provide and manage localized data formats and resources. This document focuses just on front-end JavaScript needs. Depending on your application, your internationalization needs will be different. However, common concerns include […]

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The absolute minimum you should know about internationalization

Internationalization is a design and engineering task that prepares your software product to be localized. It doesn’t create a localized product; instead, it puts your product in a state that allows localization. The goal of internationalization should be a single code base that can be used as-is to create multiple localized versions of your product. […]

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Internationalization is everyone’s responsibility

In my first jobs out of college, I was part of software internationalization teams that were completely independent from the “core” teams. The core teams created the products for the original target locale (usually the United States), and the internationalization teams created branches of that product and performed all the engineering work to put the […]

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Internationalization as a form of technical debt

The term technical debt is often used to label implementation choices that trade long-term goals for limited, short-term solutions. Technical debt has a negative connotation because it means that you have accrued a technical obligation that must be resolved before you can make future progress. Teams take on technical debt for many reasons: short schedules, insufficient […]

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